Al-Wahidi’s Asbab Al-Nuzul, presented here in complete English translation for the first time ever, is the third work in The Great Commentaries on the Holy. Perhaps the best-known of these texts is the Asbab al-Nuzul of Ali ibn Ahmad al- Wahidi, which is regularly reprinted alongside the text of the Quran. Buy Al-Wahidi’s Asbab Al-nuzul: v. 3: The Great Commentaries of the Holy Qur’an by Ali Ibn Ahmad Al-Wahidi (ISBN: ) from Amazon’s Book.

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Though technical terms within Qur’anic exegesis often have their origins in the book itself e. Despite the appearance of the stem sbb over 11 times Quran Q. Within exegetical literature, the use of sabab in a technical sense did not occur until relatively late: The term “sabab” in its technical sense meaning “occasion of revelation” seems to begin to make its appearance in the works of Tabari d. One can find the translation of Asbab al-Nuzul i. Wattfor example, stressed the narratological significance of these types of reports: I would tentatively trace the origins of this material to the context of the asba.

In other words, no process of spinning a narrative al-nzuul a Quranic verse seems to have taken place Quranic materials only began to be applied to the non-Quranic basic narrative framework when the sacred scripture became a standard source of guidance. At this stage, the story-tellers could promote the Islamic status of their traditions originally suspect of biblical influence by extending to them the divine authority of the Quran.

This was achieved by dragging various passages from the scriptures into the narrative.

The same Quranic extract could actually be installed in different scenes of Muhammad’s life Rubin bases this conclusion partly upon the very stereotyped way in which “linking words” are used to introduce Qur’anic al-nuzu, into a report.

Assuming that a report’s link to scripture would not be removed once established, the non-Qur’anic and thus non-exegetic version of the report is in fact the original one. The Quran was revealed b a period of nearly twenty three years. Muslim scholars agree that the revelations of the Quran can be divided into two broad xsbab One type includes passages of the Quran which were revealed in response to specific events, incidents or questions put al-uzul to Muhammad.

The second type includes passages of the Quran which were not direct responses to any historical or social development in the life of the Muslim community. A thorough understanding of the first type of passages, therefore, depend on knowing the circumstances of the events which occasioned them. Such knowledge is al-wahidii important tool for al-nuzil the meanings of this type of Quranic verses.


Such reports are cited The occasion of revelation’s primary function, though, is exegetical, and by enumerating its various uses within Qur’anic interpretation we visit nearly all the problems of concern for classical Muslim exegetes. These problems span the hermeneutical spectrum, from the most basic units of linguistic meaning to such technical intellectual disciplines as law and philosophy and all points in between.

A major underlying difficulty encountered at all levels is the Qur’an’s lack of structure. This extends beyond the question of temporal ordering to one of basic unity of thought and expression:. One of the very basic problem is that it is often impossible to tell where one pericope ends and the next one begins. The various levels of interpretation along with their typical problems are listed below in order of increasing hermeneutical complexity:.

A demonstration of the two lowest-level functions of the sabab may be seen in the exegesis of verse 2: Will ye not understand? The sabab thus fixes the meaning of the pronoun “ye”, and also provides a gloss for the word “right conduct” birr as the Sunnah of Muhammed.

This, combined with the Qur’an’s allusive literary style asabb e. Does one verse continue the unit of meaning begun by preceding verses, or does it initiate a new one? Sabab -material was used to both erect and pull down such boundaries, as their use with respect to verses 2: One report “suggests this verse [Q. In it, verses Q. The pagans of Mecca are so pleased by this that they immediately cease their persecution of the Muslims, to the extent that a group of Abyssinian refugees begins to return home.

Aasbab Muhammad is later sternly chastised by the angel Gabriel for this concession to Meccan paganism, at which point God reveals Q. Arabia’s pre-Islamic age of “ignorance” was an important concern, but complicated by their religion’s competing claims to be both asbb stark break with this past as well as a continuation of practices begun by “Islam” in its pre-Qur’anic, ur-religion manifestations, as in worship at the Kaaba. Safa and Marwa are among the Symbols of Allah.

So if those who visit the House in the Season or at other times, should compass them roundit is no sin in them. And if any one obeyeth his own impulse to good,- be sure that Allah is Ashab Who recogniseth and knoweth.

The first sabab states that the pagan Arabs practiced this ur-Islamically [ clarification needed ] sanctioned al-nuzuo, but that they so adulterated it with idolatry that the byy Muslims pressed to abandon it until Q.

– The Holy Qur’an: Translations of Selected Verses

The second sabab provides conflicting ethnological data, stating that the practice was instituted by Muhammed in opposition to the pagans’ sacrifices to their idols.


Legal exegesis is the most hermeneutically complex level of interpretation for several reasons. One is that every ruling must be considered with respect to the corpus of Islamic holy law. Note that the foil may not always be a particular verse or pericope, but a principle synthesized from multiple rulings.

The second, even asbqb basic, complexity resides in determining which verses have legal content. A seemingly proscriptive verse may be made merely polemical by asbzb, while a seemingly non-proscriptive verse may have actual legal import. To those without Faith is a grievous al-wahiri. As these examples amply demonstrate, supporting exegetical literature e.

Appealing to the raw, unmediated text of the Qur’an as proof of consensus within traditional Islamic law for or against some practice is thus almost always a futile exercise. The earliest and the most important work in this genre is undoubtedly Kitab asbab al-Nuzul “Book of occasions of revelation” of Ali ibn Ahmad al-Wahidi d. Wahidi’s work is not only the first attempt to collect all the material regarding the occasions of revelation in one single volume, but it is also the standard upon which all subsequent works were based.

He was a poet, philologist, grammarian and Quranic commentator. In fact, He was considered a great commentator of the Quran of his time. His main al-nuaul was the famous Quranic commentator al-Thalabi d.

Another important work is by al-Suyuti d. Suyuti wrote al-wahidl book about four centuries aal-nuzul al-Wahidi.

It contains more occasions of revelation compared to Wahidi’s work. His work covers chapters sura of the Quran while Wahidi’s work covers 83 suras.

Asbab al-nuzul

The name of his book is Lubab al-Nuqul fi Asbab al-Nuzul meaning “The best of narrations concerning the circumstances of revelation”. In Rippin’s detailed examination of preth-century exegetical literature, [1] other works include as follows:.

The chief innovation of the genre was organizational i. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. List English translations by Ahmadis. Abrogation Biblical narratives Esoteric interpretation Hermeneutics Persons related to verses.

Asbab Al Nuzul By Al Wahidi : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming : Internet Archive

A Bibliographical and Terminological Survey”. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies.

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Translations List English translations by Ahmadis.

Exegesis Abrogation Biblical narratives Esoteric interpretation Hermeneutics Persons related to verses mentioned by name Revelation. Category Islam portal Wikipedia book.